The "Classroom Technology Today" newsletter will consist of a potpourri of articles relating to the use of technology in classroom situations. It is considered good design technique to disperse articles in a publication in ways that visually set them off from each other. These independent stories may differ from each other by border specifications, frame color, number of columns, and—within reason—the font specifications.
It is important to organize articles so the reader can easily navigate throughout each story. In general, a single story should be in rectangular shape and not jump around the page. The headlines for the stories should help define the article's block of text.
Creating a Headline Text Frame
The main article of "Classroom Technology Today" needs a headline. A headline is the title of a given story. The headline for our newsletter's main article should span the page in its own single column. Since we have a three-column layout in place, we need to create a new text frame for the headline, extending across the top of the three columns.
Let's create a headline for the main article and then format it.
Step1. Move to page 1 of the document.
Step2. To activate the Frame Tool, in the Tools panel,
Step3. To draw the new frame,
Press & Drag the cursor, starting on the left margin just under the nameplate, down three grid squares and across all three columns
Working with Text Wrap
All frames have a set of characteristics that define the way other things wrap around them. In publishing circles this is frequently referred to aswrap, but is also called runaround. In our case, we want to wrap the existing text around the new frame.
Before we establish the wrap characteristics for the new frame, we must activate the Text Wrap panel.
Step1. To activate the Text Wrap panel, in the Panel group,
NOTE: Alt key+Control key+W is the keyboard shortcut to active the Text Wrap panel.
NOTE: These text wrap buttons also appear on the Control Panel.
Understanding Text Wrap Options
There are many ways text can be wrapped around an object, depending on the shape and composition of the object. Following is a table explaining each of the options available in InDesign's Text Wrap panel:
|No text wrap||Text flows underneath the object|
|Wrap around bounding box||Creates a rectangular wrap with width and height determined by the bounding box of the object|
|Wrap around object shape||Creates a text wrap boundary the same shape as the selected object; also known as contour wrapping|
|Jump object||Keeps text from appearing in the space on the right or left of the frame|
|Jump to next Column||Forces the surrounding paragraph to the top of the next text column or text frame|
|Invert||Causes text to wrap only inside the boundaries of the text frame|
|Top, Bottom, Right, Left Offset||Specifies the distance from the object the surrounding text must be|
|Wrap Options||Allows more advanced boundary and direction specifications|
|Contour Options||Specifies options dependent on the type of non-rectangular boundary|
|Include inside edges||Allows text to flow into holes in a graphic object|
We will use some of these options to apply a new wrap characteristic to the text frame.
Applying a Bounding Box Wrap
Since our new text box is simple, we will apply the Wrap around bounding box feature. When we do, we must also specify the offset, or the spacing between the bounding box and the surrounding text.
Step1. To apply the Wrap around bounding box feature, in the Text Wrap panel,
Step2. To keep the space from being applied to all sides of the frame, in the Text Wrap panel,
Step3. To make the bottom offset.1", in the Bottom offset field of the Text Wrap panel,
Click, type: .1 Tab key
Defining and Using an Object as a Text Frame
So that the text of the headline won't squeeze up against the frame boundaries, we can refine this headline area a bit more by creating some margins inside the frame.
Step1. To activate the Selection Tool, in the Tools panel,
Step2. To define the frame as a text object,
Right-Click the text frame, Click Content, Click Text
NOTE for MacOS Users: To define the frame as a text object, press Control key and Click the frame, Click Content, Click Text.
Step3. To begin entering text,
Click, Click the frame
Step4. To enter the text, type:
Worried in Cyberspace Enter
Virtual classroom: I wonder if my teacher got my file!
Step5. To activate the Selection Tool, in the Toolbox,
Step6. To begin centering the text vertically in the frame, in the Control panel,
NOTE: To see the alignment buttons, it may be necessary to maximize the window, switch to a higher screen resolution, or to undock the Control panel.
Formatting Headline Text with the Control Panel
There are two lines of text in this frame, making it a stacked or multi-decked headline. In a manner consistent with magazine or newsletter styles, the content of the first line is meant to lead the reader into the second, which is to be the main headline. The top line of text is known as a kicker. A kicker is a snippet of content that serves a couple of purposes: to entice the reader to peruse the next line—which then leads them into the story—and to provide a little more information about the main headline. (If the smaller text follows a main headline, it is called adeck or lead-in.)
We will format the headline in one way and the kicker in another.
Step1. To activate the Type Tool, in the Toolbox,
Step2. To begin formatting the headline's characters, verify that the Character Formatting Controls are active in the Control panel.
NOTE: If the font controls are not visible in the Control panel, Click
Step3. To select the second line of the headline,
Press & Drag from the words, "Virtual" through "file!"
Step4. To choose a font face, in the font field:
Press & Drag over the current font, type: Arial Regular Enter
NOTE: As we enter the font name, the font field will autocomplete the name of the font, based on what we have typed in the field.
Step5. To enter a font size, in the Font Size field,
Click, type: 24 Enter
Step6. To change the tracking, in the Tracking field of the Control panel,
Click, type: -20 Enter
Step7. To select the kicker,
Triple-Click the top line
Step8. To choose a font face, in the font field
Press & Drag over the current font, type: Arial Italic Enter
Step9. To enter a font size, in the Font Size field,
Click, type: 14 Enter