We are now ready to select the girl and copy her onto beach.psd. First, we'll use the Quick Selection tool to roughly select the girl. Then we'll refine the selection using another tool. In doing all this, we will also use the Brush and Eraser tools.
Switching Between Open Images
To work with a particular image, the image window must be active, which means that it is displayed in the foreground. Following are several ways to switch between open images:
- On the Menu bar, Click Window, Clickfile name.
- If in the background you can see the image window you want active, Click the image window and it will move to the foreground.
- Pressing Control key simultaneously with Tab key toggles images back and forth.
- If using tabs, Click the tab that has the name of the file you want to activate.
Let's move back to girl on rock.psd.
Step1. To move to the image of the girl, on the Menu bar,
Click Window, Click girl on rock.psd
Using the Quick Selection Tool
You can use the Quick Selection tool to quickly click or drag to define a selection. The Quick Selection tool selects neighboring pixels that are similar to the ones that have been clicked. As you click or drag, the selection expands outward and automatically finds and follows defined edges in the image.
Let's activate the Quick Selection Tool.
Step1. To activate the Quick Selection tool, near the top of the Tools panel,
Step2. To reduce the brush size of the Quick Selection tool, in the Options bar,
Step3. To change the brush size to 3 pixels,
Press & Drag the Size slider to 3
Step4. To begin selecting parts of the girl,
Click the center of the girl's back
Step5. To continue to select the girl,
Press & Drag down the center of the girl's back about 1/4"
Step6. To select more areas of the girl,
Click or Press & Drag more areas of the girl and the shovel until the figure is entirely selected
Using the Quick Mask Tool
The Quick Mask tool is used to refine selections that are difficult to define with selection tools. Since we want to copy only the figure of the girl onto the beach image, we will use the Quick Mask tool to mask out the rest of the image.
Let's activate the Quick Mask tool with our selection active and see how it works.
NOTE: For a guided walkthrough of this section, watch this video.
Step1. To select the Quick Mask tool, at the bottom of the Tools panel,
Step2. If necessary, to activate the Background layer, in the Layers panel,
Step3. To reset the colors to default, near the bottom of the Tools panel, if necessary,
NOTE: Make sure that the black swatch is on top of the Foreground/Background swatches.
Step4. Increase the viewing size and resize the window until the entire image is in view.
Using the Brush Tool
We can use several tools to either select or deselect different parts of the picture in Quick Mask mode. For this exercise, we'll use the Brush tool to deselect areas, by coloring them with the red Quick Mask overlay. We will also use the Eraser tool to correct our mistakes.
We will now paint to refine the still-selected background that we don't want.
Step1. To select the Brush tool, in the Tools panel,
Step2. To select a Brush size, on the Options bar,
Click, Click, type: 6
NOTE: We can change brush size on the keyboard. To increase the brush size, type: ]. To decrease the brush size, type: [.
Step3. To move to the Hardness field, on the keyboard, press:
Step4. To set the brush hardness, type:
Step5. To change the opacity of the brush, in the Opacity field of the Layers panel,
Press & Drag value, type: 100 Enter
Step6. To select the background,
Press & Drag the cursor across any areas left in the image that are not a part of the girl's body
Using the Hand Tool
The Hand tool allows us to move the viewing area inside the image window, but only when the image window is smaller than the actual image. Using the Hand tool can be much faster than using scroll bars.
The Hand tool may be easily accessed by clicking the tool in the Tools panel, but there is also a keyboard shortcut to activate the tool. With any tool active, we can move the image by holding the space bar while we use the mouse.
Let's see how this works.
Step1. To access the Hand tool, press and hold:
Step2. To move around in the picture, with the spacebar still down,
Press & Drag the image to different areas
Step3. Using the Brush tool, finish coloring in red everything in the image except the girl.
Using the Eraser Tool
In Quick Mask mode the Eraser tool works on the same principle as the Brush tool, except that it erases the unwanted red areas.
Let's use the Eraser tool to reselect any part of the girl that we accidentally covered.
Step1. To select the Eraser tool, in the Tools panel,
NOTE: You may want to select a new Brush size. As you do so, remember to change the Hardness slider in the Brush menu.
Step2. If necessary, select a hard Brush size by changing the Hardness slider.
Step3. To reselect all parts of the girl's body that were accidentally painted,
Press & Drag the cursor across any parts of the
girl's body that are covered in red overlay
Step4. If you have accidentally erased color in the background, use the Brush tool to correct your mistake.
Step5. If necessary, use the Hand tool to move around the image.
Step6. To view the image at 100%, in the Tools panel,
NOTE: With any tool active, the image's magnification can be changed by pressing Control key with - Keyor + Key.
NOTE: Pressing Control keywith Spacebar temporarily turns the cursor into the Zoom-in tool. Pressing Alt key and Control key with Spacebar temporarily turns the cursor into the Zoom-out tool. When the keys are released, the tool reverts to the previously active one.
NOTE for MacOS Users: With any tool active, the image's magnification can be changed by pressing Command key with - Keyor +Key.
NOTE for MacOS Users: Pressing Command key with Spacebar temporarily turns the cursor into the Zoom-in tool. Pressing Option keyand Command key with Spacebar temporarily turns the cursor into the Zoom-out tool. When the keys are released, the tool reverts to the previously active one.
Step7. Save the image.
Exiting Quick Mask Mode
When we are finished editing the red overlay around the girl, we can exit Quick Mask mode and return to Standard mode, where we will blend the images.
Step1. To return to Standard Mode, in the Tools panel,
Renaming a Layer
When an image first opens in Photoshop, it typically has one layer. Photoshop assigns the initial layer the name, "Background." This Background layer is marked with a lock icon and has special characteristics that prevent us from doing some things with it, including defining areas as transparent. Therefore, before we tell Photoshop to make the unselected areas transparent, we must rename the Background layer.
Step1. To assign a name to the Background layer, in the Layers panel,
Step2. To name the layer, in the dialog box, type:
Creating a Layer Mask
We will be importing only the girl portion of the image onto the beach scene. Instead of simply deleting the background outside of the selection of the girl, we can maintain the integrity of our image and simply hide pixels by making them appear transparent, with a Layer Mask.
Layer masks are transparency adjustments that we apply to layers, which essentially hide pixels from view without deleting them. This means we can return to redefine transparent areas later, because we haven't deleted any pixels.
Let's create a Layer Mask to make everything transparent except the figure of the girl.
Step1. To add the layer mask, at the bottom of the Layers panel,
NOTE: The icon we use to add a mask displays a tool tip that says, "Add vector mask."
Step2. To fit the image in the window, press:
NOTE: To fit the image onscreen, press Control keyand the numeric 0 key.
Step3. To save our changes on the keyboard, press:
Cropping the Image
We will place the girl on the beach as she is. However, if we do that, all of the extra space we created around her will also be in the image. It will be transparent, but it can make rotating the image awkward. So we will crop the image down to only what we need.
We will do this with the Crop tool.
Step1. To activate the Crop tool, in the Tools panel,
Step2. In the Options bar,
Click, Click W x H x Resolution
Step3. To crop the image,
Press & Drag the corner handles until the crop box closely matches the edges of the girl
Step4. To complete the crop, in the image window,
Double-Click inside the crop box
Step5. To save the file, on the keyboard, press: