For our second project we will be taking two images and compositing them into a single image. We have an image of a little girl standing on a rock, and we would like to place her into an image of a beach. As we do so, we will also need to use more adjustments to improve the images. This project will allow us to go further into selections and layers, and will also allow us to explore things like text and filters.
Let's open the first image.
Step1. To begin opening the image, on the Menu bar,
Click File, Click Open...
Step2. To open the image, in the Photoshop Basics folder,
Double-Click girl on rock.tif
Understanding the Image Window
The image window and the Photoshop window contain certain information about the image. Let's take a moment to explain what some of this information means.
The following table summarizes the information displayed in the Title bar of the image window:
|girl on rock.tif||File name|
|50%||Size at which image is displayed|
The following table summarizes the information displayed in the Status bar at the bottom of the Photoshop window:
|50%||Size at which image is displayed|
|Doc:.07M/2.07M||First value represents unedited image file size, second value will change as image is edited|
NOTE: Depending on the way Photoshop is configured, the Doc size may not be displayed. Also, the size at which the image is displayed may differ depending on the monitor resolution and Photoshop's setup.
Earlier, we discussed how digital images are comprised of pixels. Let's take a closer look at pixels.
Step1. To zoom in on the water, in the Tools panel,
Click, Click the water several times until the squares of color are clearly visible
Step2. Verify that the Zoom tool is active.
Step3. To zoom out to 100% magnification, on the Options bar,
NOTE: To see this option, the Zoom tool must be active.
Step4. To turn on the rulers, in the Menu bar,
Click View, Click Rulers
Step5. To view the image in the size it will be printed, in the Menu bar,
Click View, Click Print Size
Step6. To fit the image in the window, on the Options bar,
Adjusting The Image
In the panel dock at the right we see a panel containing a cluster of buttons and controls. As we learned before, the Adjustments panel allows us to add brightness, contrast, color, and other effects to our image.
Adjusting Brightness and Contrast
The Brightness/Contrast adjustment allows us to brighten the entire image by adjusting the relative lightness or darkness of the colors in an image. This control is one of several ways to adjust brightness or contrast. Because Photoshop's Brightness/Contrast control uses a simple tool to modify brightness and contrast, it is the least complex and also the least precise of the methods.
Since our whole image appears to be dark, we can use the Brightness/Contrast control to reduce the severity of some of the shadows in this picture.
Step1. To increase the picture's brightness and contrast, in the Adjustments panel,
2. To adjust the image's brightness, in the Brightness field,
Press & Drag the value, type: 15
Step3. To move to the Contrast field, on the keyboard, press:
Step4. To adjust the image's contrast, in the Contrast field, type:
Step5. To collapse the Brightness/Contrast sub-panel, in the sub-panel,
NOTE: You can also move the sliders to change the brightness and contrast.
NOTE for MacOS Users: PC monitors tend to display images slightly darker than Macintosh monitors. If an image is too bright on a PC, it will be even brighter on a Macintosh and may even appear washed out.
Hiding a Layer
We have made an adjustment, but what if we want to see what the image looks like without the adjustment? We could delete the layer and remake it, but that would be more work than we need to do. We can also hide layers. Let's hide the Brightness/Contrast layer so we can compare the image before and after the adjustment.
Step1. To hide the Brightness/Contrast layer, in the Layers panel,
Step2. To show the Brightness/Contrast layer, in the Layers panel,
Editing an Adjustment Layer
If at any later point we want to readjust the brightness or contrast, we can do so by modifying our original adjustment. Because the adjustment is in its own separate layer, we haven't made permanent changes to the rest of the image, and the layer itself is editable.
Let's edit the adjustment layer now.
Step1. To readjust the brightness and contrast in the image, in the Layers panel,
Step2. To increase the brightness, in the Brightness number field, type:
Step3. Collapse the Brightness/Contrast sub-panel.
Step4. To save the file, from the Menu bar,
Click File, Click Save As...
Step5. To change the file type, in the Save as type field,
Click, Click Photoshop (*.PSD, *.PDD)
Step6. To save the file, in the dialog box,
Step7. To accept the dialog box,